Even though your shoulders may look simple, they are one of the most complicated joints in your body. The ball-and-socket joint is a major joint as it plays a key role in performing a wide range of movements. There are other joints as well, which are supported by tendons, muscles and other ‘soft’ tissues. Damage to any of these shoulder parts can cause pain, restriction of movements, swelling etc.
Shoulder injuries can significantly impact your life quality because they are essential to everyday activities. Some mild shoulder injuries might be manageable at home, but in many cases, the injury requires professional diagnosis and treatment by a doctor.
An injury to the shoulder can result in various symptoms that differ from person to person. Some may experience mild symptoms, while others may experience moderate to severe and progressive symptoms. Understanding the typical signs of a shoulder injury and when to seek medical attention can aid you in preventing the condition from getting worse and sets the path for your rehab.
There may be a question in your mind about which specialist doctor to see or when to consult him. Orthopaedic doctors specialise in treating the structural problems of our musculoskeletal system, which is made up of joints, bones, tendons, ligaments, and muscles. So if you have any shoulder problems, you can consult an orthopaedic specialist or an orthopaedic shoulder specialist who exclusively specialises in treating shoulder joint problems.
Common shoulder problems
Torn rotator cuff
The rotator cuff is located in your upper arm and is composed of a group of muscles connected by tendons. It plays a major in shoulder movement, especially in rotating your arm. As we age or experience trauma, these tendons can be damaged or torn due to extensive force.
If your shoulder becomes frozen (stiff), you may find it hard to lift or move your hand away from your body. In most cases, frozen shoulders happen when scar tissue is present or for no apparent reason.
Repetitive motions (overuse) or strain can cause the tendons (the thick fibrous tissues of the joints that connect muscle and bone) to become irritated and inflamed.
ligaments hold the joint together, and when you fall, especially on your outstretched arm, the ligaments might stretch beyond their range or tear, causing sprained ligaments.
An injury caused by overstretching a muscle is called a strain. A strained shoulder muscle usually results from overuse or a sudden increase in activity.
Arthritis is a condition in which your joints become swollen and tender. Arthritis is of different types, but osteoarthritis & rheumatoid arthritis are the most common arthritis forms that affect your shoulder joint.
Bursae are the small fluid-filled sacs that cushion the bones near your joints and prevent rubbing against other parts. When damaged, they become inflamed and cause bursitis, a painful condition.
An injury that breaks a bone is known as a fracture. When the broken bone breaks severely, it may pierce the skin, defined as an open or Compound fracture. Falling and landing on an outstretched hand usually result in a shoulder fracture.
The shoulder joint can separate if struck with a strong force or falls on them. When your shoulder ligaments become stretched or torn, it causes your collarbone to look out of place.
There is a difference between a shoulder dislocation and a shoulder separation. The humerus ball can be forced out of the shoulder socket by a strong blow to the shoulder. You can suffer a partial shoulder dislocation or a total shoulder dislocation.
When to see a doctor?
You may need to see a doctor if you suffer from any above shoulder problems. A sudden fall or injury can cause shoulder pain, or it can develop gradually as a result of wear and tear. If you are experiencing shoulder pain, you should consult an orthopaedic doctor to determine your shoulder pain’s cause and get appropriate treatment.
Schedule an appointment as soon as possible with an orthopaedic doctor if you suffer from any of these symptoms.
- Having a restricted range of motion, such as not being able to raise your arm above your head
- When your shoulder is moved, you feel a dull or achy pain
- When you use your elbows or shoulders, you experience pain
- Shoulder and elbow pain even when you are taking rest
- Pain in the shoulder that makes it difficult to sleep
- Having a tingling or numbing sensation in your arms or shoulders
- Shoulder weakness that is getting worse over time
- Pain that persists or worsens over time
Early intervention and treatment can prevent more extensive damage in many cases. Moreover, it could contribute to a faster healing process. For more detailed information, consult Dr Chandra Sekhar, one of the best shoulder surgeons in Hyderabad. For an appointment with a doctor related to shoulders, call 99595 88389 and book your slot.