If you exercise or enjoy sports in the gym, you may have sprained your ankle or strained a muscle at some point. In many cases, the injury is due to overuse while participating in a particular sport. Hence, the names given to these injuries are running knee or tennis elbow. Other types of injuries are caused by trauma, where intense contact with something can cause fractures or tears of ligaments or tendons. In the article below, Dr Chandra Shekar. B discusses some frequently asked questions about some common sports injuries.
Dr Chandra Shekar. B is always ready to answer your questions about sports injuries and how to maintain optimal health. To schedule a consultation or appointment, please call our office or apply online. Suppose you have any questions, Dr Chandra Shekar. B would be happy to hear from you. Or, here we have answered some of the most common questions below.
What is a sports injury?
Sports injuries are injuries to the musculoskeletal system (muscles, bones and related tissues) during sports and physical activities. Sports medicine is the study of sports injuries to prevent them and reduce their severity.
Causes of sports injuries
- These may be injuries that occur due to collisions with other athletes, the ground, and objects.
- Excessive use and repetitive stress on limbs and joints
- Improper training, Insufficient exercise, and Insufficient warm-up and stretch before the competition
- Inappropriate sports equipment or sports gear during sports activities.
What are the common signs and symptoms of sports injuries?
There may be:
- Bruises and bleeding
- Inability to move joints
- Sprain and strains that cause cramps and muscle pain (tendons/muscle tears) injuries
- Fractures, head and spinal cord injuries
- Joint dislocations: Mainly the hand and shoulder joints
Know the most common types of sports injuries?
The most common are:
- SLAP tear: This is a tear of the cartilage ring (labrum) surrounding the shoulder fossa. Over time, repetitive overhead movements (such as throwing a baseball, playing tennis or volleyball, or swimming) often cause SLAP tears.
- Shoulder instability: Three factors make the shoulder more prone to dislocation: repetitive head movement, previous dislocation, and inheritance. If you are an athlete, shoulder instability is widespread. This injury may occur if you participate in contact sports (such as football or hockey) or sports that require repetitive throwing (such as baseball).
- Rotator cuff injury: Injury to the muscles and tendons of the shoulder, caused by overuse, ageing, repeated head movement, falling on an outstretched hand, etc.
- Shoulder Tendonitis
- Anterior Shoulder Instability
- Internal Impingement
What are acute and chronic sports injuries?
The acute injury occurs suddenly during activity. Its signs and symptoms are sudden severe pain, swelling, extreme tenderness, joint inability to move within its full range of motion, bone dislocation, etc.
Chronic injuries occur due to excessive use of hands or excessive exercise. Pain and swelling may occur when performing activities with the affected limb.
Who is most prone to sports injuries?
The following are the groups most prone to sports injuries:
- Children and adolescents: Since their muscles, tendons, and bones are still growing, they are more likely to be injured.
- Middle-aged athletes: Since they lack agility and endurance.
- Young female athletes: Hormone level fluctuations due to osteoporosis, menstruation, etc.
What should be done to treat sports injuries?
The starting point for the treatment of any sports injury is RICE therapy,
- Complete rest: Do not lift heavy objects or put weight on the injured area,
- Ice therapy: Place an ice pack on the injured area to reduce pain and swelling, Compression: Wrap the injured area with elastic bandages to ease swelling
- Elevation: Place a pillow under the injured area to prevent fluid accumulation.
- To relieve pain and inflammation, doctors will prescribe non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).
The affected area should not be used to avoid further damage. Immobilization will reduce pain and swelling; use slings, splints and castings. Rehabilitation plans/exercises need to be carried out gradually and safely to restore normal functions. First, start gentle exercises, then gradually stretch and strengthen exercises. Avoid any movement that causes pain. Other therapies that can be used are mild electrical stimulation, cold therapy, heat therapy, massage and ultrasound stimulation.
Do sports injuries often require surgical treatment?
Surgery is performed when the injury is severe, like repairing torn tendons or ligaments and when the joint dislocation causes deformity and disability. However, most sports injuries in the shoulder do not require surgery.
Who will treat sports injuries?
For minor injuries, you can consult a general practitioner and physical therapist. A shoulder surgeon like Dr Chandra Shekar. B specialized in treating bone and joint diseases will be consulted for severe injuries. A physical therapist executes the rehabilitation/exercise plan.
How to prevent sports injuries?
Try to keep your feet flat when stretching; perform appropriate warm-up and stretching exercises before running or other strenuous exercises. Do not overuse your limbs, relax after strenuous exercises, such as walking for five minutes after running, wear well-fitting shoes.
If you have any more sports injuries or problems with treatment and diagnosis, please feel free to contact Dr Chandra Shekar. B so that the doctor can answer. Make an appointment. Call at 91 9959588389 to talk to Dr Chandra Shekar. B shoulder surgeon.